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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and also have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they have become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and parts of the Earth, over the last ten decades. .
The main reason behind the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being spread in luggage, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and brought back to the houses of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the usage of travellers own sleeping linen in shared accommodation for a security precaution against this insect.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Afterwards, as the infestation spreads, the bugs proceed to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, mature bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on white sheets and bedding, but very difficult to see on brown wooden floors and other dark surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident from black or brown spots of dried blood excrement or spotting. There may also be an offensive candy sticky odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour called buggy is like the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells might be found near these areas, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This system of communication and the launch of alarm pheromones can make them quite difficult to deal with as bed bugs become alert and fast vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs can spread into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a suitable host, bed bugs will feed and are very likely to haven in near proximity to the sufferer. In cases like this, new locations can easily become infested with bed bugs in a short amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some people have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the sting site can get red and intensely itchy. This can occur during the course of the night or may take around 9-14 days to grow.
The red wheals can range from 2 cm to 5 cm in diameter with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock may happen in individuals which are contagious, although this is rare. .
Discomfort and reduction of sleep is common from the effects of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different areas on the body. Another feature is the bites are occasionally in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. These rows are brought on by the bed insect being upset during feeding and having to pierce the skin to feed again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but may feed on other mammals and poultry if necessary. Although they can carry diseases such as hepatitis they are not known to transfer these ailments visit our website to individuals.
The survival of bed bug eggs is an issue. It's not news uncommon for the reside bed bugs amongst an infestation to be completely eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period up to fourteen days and may be deposited in hidden areas that are tough to deal with. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic due to the now smaller size of this newly re-emerged mattress bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining chambers need to be inspected and treated if also affected.
This can be completed by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are extremely small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming can also be recommended before chemical treatment because it removes all dust and debris from the website of the infestation making it easier for following chemical control to penetrate helpful site and in turn be effective.